Lowlands-L Anniversary Celebration

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About the story
What’s with this “Wren” thing?
   The oldest extant version of the fable we are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology of Low Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”) collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read more ...



Armenian language, culture and religion have remained strong in the homeland and in the widely scattered diaspora.

Language information: Armenian is used by the majority of ethnic Armenians all over the world, in Armenia and throughout the large Armenian diaspora with sizeable enclaves in many parts of the Middle East, Europe (especially France), the states once belonging to the Soviet Union, and also in the Americas, in Australia and in Southern Africa. Language loyalty has been strengthened in large part by the Armenian church and by unceasing communication within the widely-scattered Armenian diaspora.
      There are two major groups of Armenian dialects, each with its own standard language: Eastern Armenian in and around today’s Armenia, and Western Armenian of Anatolia, Turkey, now dominating the Armenian diaspora. Both groups use the same Armenian alphabet created by Saint Mesrop Mashtots in 406 C.E. Although several of the letters are pronounced differently, spelling follows the same Classical-Armenian-based principles in Western and Eastern Armenian. This facilitates Armenian reading comprehension across dialect boundaries and safeguards ethnic and cultural cohesion all over the world. However, two slightly different Armenian orthographies are still competing with each other: traditional and reformed.

Situated on the border between today’s Armenia and Turkey, Mount Ararat has been playing a very important spiritual and symbolic role for Armenians from long before Christianization. The mountain can be seen clearly not only from the famous Khor Virap Monastery (shown here) but even from Armenia’s capital Yerevan a good way to the east.
      Throughout history, there have been many Armenian dialects within the east-west division, such as eastern dialects of today’s Armenia, Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh, Georgia, Iran and Russia, and western dialects of Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, India, Greece and Bulgaria. Western Armenian dominates the Armenian diaspora throughout Europe and in numerous overseas locations, particularly in Canada and the United States. But both Eastern and Western Armenian communities and church congregations exist in some locations, such as in the Americas.
     Many sacred texts have been handed down in Classical Armenian, which is also known as Old Armenian, Liturgical Armenian and Grabar. These are shared by the eastern and western communities.
     Armenian dialects have picked up numerous loanwords from languages with which they have been in contact. Underlying all of them are ancient substrata of influences from Caucasian, Turkic and Western Iranian language varieties.
      The mixture of foreign-influenced features made it difficult for early European linguists to recognize Armenian as fundamentally Indo-European. The precise genealogy of Armenian remains an enigma to most. Lately, some have espoused the hypothesis that Armenian is a relative or relic of the Thraco-Phrygian languages once spoken in Thrace and Asia Minor.

Geneology: Indo-European > (Traco-Phrygian > Phrygian >?) Armenian

    Click to open the translation: [Click] Click here for different versions. >

Author: Reinhard F. Hahn

© 2011, Lowlands-L · ISSN 189-5582 · LCSN 96-4226 · All international rights reserved.
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