Lowlands-L Anniversary Celebration

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About the story
What’s with this “Wren” thing?
   The oldest extant version of the fable we are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology of Low Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”) collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read more ...



Sa Ga Yeath Qua Pieth Tow, one of four Mohawk
leaders that traveled to London in 1710. This picture,
commissioned by Queen Anne (1665–1714), was
painted by the Dutchman Jan Verelst (ca. 1648–

Language information: One of the earliest contacts between Mohawk and Europeans took place in 1634, involving members of a Dutch exploration expedition. The Mohawk nation later became an ally of the Netherlands at Albany.
      The Mohawk are a member of the Six Nations (Mohawk Ohswé:ken).
      The name “Mohawk” goes back to Moackh, a man’s name German mercenaries mistook for the name of the people.
      Kanien’ke, the land of the Mohawk (Kanien’kehá:ka “People of the Flint”) nowadays lies around Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence River (Kaniatarowanenneh), on both sides of the border between Canada and the United States of America. The original homeland used to be farther south, centered roughly in the area of Albany (Skahnehtati) in the State of New York (Kanon:no). The name Toronto is based on Mohawk Ateronto, more precisely on tkeronto ‘fish weir’, literally “There are trees/poles in the water.”   
      Major concentrations of Mohawk people are located in Quebec’s three great Mohawk and Cayuga reservations Akwesasne (Ahkwesáhsne, formerly Saint-Régis), Kahnawake (Kahnawà:ke, formerly Caughnawaga) and Kanesatake (Kanehstà:ke, formerly Oka).
      These days, only about one tenth of ethnic Mohawks are proficient in their ancestral language.
      In the United States east of the Mississippi River there is nowadays only one indigenous language with more than one thousand speakers, and this language is Mohawk.
      The Mohawk language appears to be tonal, having a rising tone (´) and a falling tone (`), and both vowel length and ALL languages and dialects are beautiful, precious gifts. So cherish yours and others! Share them with the world!nasalization have phonemic significance. In writing, a following colon (:) shows that a vowel is long. The letter sequences en and on stand for nasal vowels ([] and [ũ] respectively). An apostrophe symbolizes a glottal stop. Unfortunately, in casual writing, frequently also on web pages, vowel length and tone marks tend to be omitted.
      For centuries, the Mohawk’s language has been having major ongoing contacts with two European languages: English and French, in earlier history also with Dutch, and it has imported words from all of them.
      Being a member of the northern division of the Iroquoian (Rotinonhsyón:ni) language family, Mohawk is related to Huron, Tuscarora, Wyandot, Nottoway, Laurentian, Onondaga, Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, and most closely to Oneida, distantly also to South Iroquoian Tsalagi (Cherokee).

Genealogy: Iroquoian > Northern > Five Nations > Mohawk-Oneida

Historical Lowlands language contacts: Dutch, English, [Scots?]

    Click to open the translation: [Click]Click here for different versions. >

Author: Reinhard F. Hahn

© 2011, Lowlands-L · ISSN 189-5582 · LCSN 96-4226 · All international rights reserved.
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