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What’s with this “Wren” thing?
The oldest extant version of the fable
are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology
Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche
Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”)
collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read
author and scholar Bede (“The
Venerable,” ca. 672–735)
was a native
speaker of Northumbrian
If Northumbrian is an English dialect group or a language in its own right
remains a matter of debate. Most British people think of it as a very distinctive
English dialect group, mostly because it is closely related to English and
is used in the country of England. However, most English speakers without extensive
exposure to it do not understand Northumbrian
it is more readily accessible for speakers of Scots, with which it shares many lexical and phonological features. Like Scots, Modern
Northumbrian descended from Old Northumbrian, a particularly Celtic-influenced
of Old English.
Being situated where Northeastern England’s Northumberland (Northumbria) meets Southeastern Scotland (at
Hadrian’s Wall of Roman times), its
northernmost dialects border on Borders Scots, the southernmost dialect
group of Scots. It can
that there are remnants of a dialect continuum between them.
to be associated with the “Geordie” dialects of Newcastle and Tyneside. There is much to be said for regarding
all of them as being one Northumbrian group, although the Geordie dialects of
the large industrial centers have
undergone more outside influences than have other Northumbrian dialects. While
most locals tends to use the name “Geordie”
in a place-specific way, people elsewhere tend to use it to refer to all Northumbrian
and their speakers.
Indo-European > Germanic > Western > Anglo-Scots > Northumbrian
Historical Lowlands language contacts: English, Dutch, Flemish, Scots