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What’s with this “Wren” thing?
The oldest extant version of the fable
are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology
Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche
Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”)
collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read
(1759–1796), celebrated Scots
poet and lyricist, considered
Scotland’s national bard
Scots is the Germanic language of the Scottish Lowlands. Old English being
their common ancestors, Scots is closely related to English but is now considered
a language in its own right. Specifically, Scots descended from the Old Northumbrian
dialect, is thus most closely related to the Northumbrian dialects of England.
Scots―which is also referred to as “Lowlands Scots,” “Lallans” (“Lowlands”)
and some of its dialects as “Doric”―was the language of Scotland’s administration
to submit to English
power. Auld lang syne by the famous Scottish bard Robert Burns (Rabbie
Burns) is a traditional Scots song famous around the world nowadays.
main dialect groups of Scots: Mainland Scots (including some island dialects),
Shetlandic (strongly Scandinavian-influenced varieties of the Orkney and Shetland
Islands), and Ulster Scots (or Ullans, of Northern Ireland, which some people in Northern Ireland wish to be considered
a language in its own rights). Because of its Scandinavian links and influences,
Shetlandic might justifiably be considered a language in its own right. The
of the following subgroups: Southern Scots
Scots, Southeastern Central Scots (including Lothian Scots), Western Central
Scots, Northeastern Central Scots, and Northern Scots (with the subdivisions
South, Mid and North).
While Scots is
presented by some people,
and publications as a subdivision of English (often as a type of “debased” or “slang” Scottish English), it must be
has had its own norms, traditions and literature for many centuries, that there
are, on the whole, clear distinctions between Scots and Scottish English, and
that Scots now again enjoys the status of an official language of Scotland, alongside
English and Gaelic.
Scots is a descendant
of Old Northumbrian (as opposed to Southern Old English, which is predominantly
based on Old Saxon).
Old Anglish (the language of the Germanic Angles who, with their Germanic relatives,
settlled in previously predominantly Celtic Britain). Indeed, in
called Inglis, in other words
“Anglish,” i.e. “English.” But
already then it was considered separate from the ancestor of what would grow
into the actual
English language of England. Scots
Northumbrian dialects used in the northeastern parts of England.
in Scotland prior
to English occupation of that country, Northumbrian dialects of England tend
considered dialects of English, presumably due to validation of national (> ethnic)