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What’s with this “Wren” thing?
The oldest extant version of the fable
are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology
Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche
Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”)
collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read
Trail of Tears (painted by Robert Lindneux in 1942)
forced the Tsalagi-speaking Ahniyvwiya and other
nations to leave their ancestral lands forever.
Tsalagi—previously known as “Cherokee”—is the only surviving South Iroquoian
language. As such it is only distantly related to surviving Iroquoian (Rotinonhsyón:ni) languages
such as Mohawk, Huron, Tuscarora, Wyandot, Nottoway, Laurentian, Onondaga,
and Oneida. There are three dialect groups of Tsalagi: Eastern (Alani, now extinct), Central (Kituhwa) of North Carolina, and Western (Atali) of Oklahoma.
Tsalagi is currently
used by about 22,000 people, most of them at least bilingual: Tsalagi and
English. Tsalagi is a tonal language (with four basic tones) with a complex tone
sandhi system. Since the early 19th century it has been written with a syllable
Ssiquaya (also written “Sikwâ’yĭ,” “Segwaya,” “Sequoyah” or “Sequoia”), whose
(or Guest or Gist), a native speaker with no command of English. While the written
represent syllables, their shapes were inspired by the Roman and perhaps also
Cyrillic alphabets that Ssiquaya, a silversmith, saw in his contacts with people
origin. His syllabary was officially accepted
by his nation in 1825. However,
these days, especially
systems are often used instead, in which the letter v stands for a vowel: a nasalized schwa. None of these writing systems represents
not the native name of the people and their language. Many claim it is based
on a Creek (Muskogee) name meaning “people speaking
differently.” Others claim it is based on a Choctaw term meaning “mountain
people” or “cave dwellers.” The people refer to themselves as Ahniyvwiya, meaning
like “principal people” or “the Creator’s people.” However, using “Tsalagi”
has become acceptable under non-Ahniyvwiya influence, and it is now the usual
name for the language.
A large portion
of the Ahniyvwiya nation lives in the US state of Oklahoma. It is there where
government-recognized Ahniyvwiya people’s ancestors were forcibly moved
from their homeland in the southern Appalachian mountain region during the “Trail
of Tears” following the infamous Indian Removal Act of 1830. There are Ahniyvwiya
communities in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, North Carolina and Tennessee
as well, though not all of them are government-recognized. Some more recent Ahniyvwiya
communities have sprung up elsewhere, such as in California, Texas and Ohio.
of the so-called “Five Civilized Tribes” (along with the Chickasaw, Choctaw,
and Seminole), one of five indigenous nations that tended to emulate European-derived
slaves of African descent. As such, the
influences in the development of the United States of America. Many Americans
Ahniyvwiya ancestry, with a large percentage of them also being of German and/or
Well-known 20th-/21st-century Americans with partial Ahniyvwiya ancestry
include Kim Basinger, James
Michael Jackson, Val Kilmer, Eartha Kitt, Demi Moore, Chuck Norris, Elvis Presley,
Robert Rauschenberg, Burt Reynolds and Tina Turner.
Iroquoian > Southern
Historical Lowlands language contacts: Appalachian, English, [Scots?]