Lowlands-L Anniversary Celebration

The Project

Language lists
Languages A–Z
Language Groups
Audio Files
Language information
Wish list

About Lowlands
Meet Lowlanders!
Project Team
Site map
Offline Resources
The Crypt
Language Tips
Members’ Links
Lowlands Shops
  · Canada
  · Deutschland
  · France
  · 日本 Japan
  · United Kingdom
  · United States
Recommended now!

What's new?

Please click here to leave an anniversary message (in any language you choose). You do not need to be a member of Lowlands-L to do so. In fact, we would be more than thrilled to receive messages from anyone.
Click here to read what others have written so far.

About the story
What’s with this “Wren” thing?
   The oldest extant version of the fable we are presenting here appeared in 1913 in the first volume of a two-volume anthology of Low Saxon folktales (Plattdeutsche Volksmärchen “Low German Folktales”) collected by Wilhelm Wisser (1843–1935). Read more ...

Low Saxon

(“Low German”)

Fritz Reuter (1810–1874),
participant in the Low Saxon
reassersion movement and
celebrated prose writer in
the Mecklenburg dialect

Language information: North Saxon is the northernmost and largest dialect group, spoken in northern Germany. The direct descendant of Old Saxon, Low Saxon—usually, with the inclusion of Low Franconian varieties, known as “Low German” (Niederdeutsch, Plattdeutsch) in Germany—is originally used in the eastern parts of the Netherlands and in the northern parts of Germany. It is closely related to both German and (especially) Dutch but is recognized as separate regional language by the European Union.
     The most important precontemporary phases of this languages are Old Saxon (“Old Low German,” ca. 800–1100 C.E.) and Middle Saxon (“Old Low German,” ca. 1200–1650 C.E.). Middle Saxon served as the lingua franca of the medieval Hanseatic Trading League and influenced a good number of languages, especially languages used on the Baltic Sea coasts. Its influence greatly changed the Scandinavian language, and its lexical influences on Kashubian (Eastern Pomeranian, Slavonic) and Estonian (Finnic, Uralic) were particularly strong.

Klaus Groth (1819–1999),
participant in the Low Saxon
reassersion movement and
celebrated poet and lyricist in the
Dithmarschen dialect of Holstein

Major Modern Low Saxon dialect groups:


  • Northern Saxon
    • Elbe Marshes Dialects
    • Hamburg Dialects
    • Holstein Dialects
    • Schleswig Dialects
    • Lunenburg Heath Dialects
    • Northwestern Dialects
    • Eastern Friesland Dialects
  • Eastphalian
    • General Eastphalian
    • Heath Eastphalian
    • Elbe Eastphalian
    • Göttingen-Grubenhagen Dialects
  • Westphalian
    • General Westphalian
    • Münsterland Dialects
  • Eastern Low Saxon
    • Mecklenburgish-Western Pomeranian
    • Brandenburgish
    • Central Pomeranian
    • Eastern Pomeranian [area now partly in Poland, dialects moribund]
    • Low Prussian (“Low Prussian”)
      • Western Prussian [area now in Poland; most speakers have emigrated; dialects moribund and extinct]
        • Mennonite dialects (Plautdietsch; no longer used in the original area)
      • Eastern Prussian [area now in Poland and Kaliningrad; most speakers have emigrated; dialects moribund and extinct]


  • Kollumerland Dialects
  • Groningen Dialects
    • Northern Groningen Dialects
    • Westerwold Dialects
    • City Groningen/Noordenvelde Dialects
  • Stellingwerven/Steenwijkerland/Western Drenthe Dialects
    • Fen Colony Dialects
  • Central Drenthe Dialects
  • Southern Drenthe Dialects
  • Twente Dialects
  • Gelderland, Overijssel and Urk Dialects
    • Achterhoeks Dialects
    • Salland/Southeastern Drenthe Dialects
    • Urk Dialects
  • Veluwe Dialects
    • Northern Veluwe Dialects
    • Eastern Veluwe Dialect
ALL languages and dialects are beautiful, precious gifts. So cherish yours and others! Share them with the world!

Eastern Europe and Asia:

  • Mennonite dialects (Plautdietsch; in Russia and Central Asia)


  • Midwest U.S. Dialects (predominantly North Saxon and Pomeranian)
  • Mennonite dialects (Plautdietsch; throughout North and Latin America)

Genealogy: Indo-European > Germanic > Western > Low German > (Low) Saxon

    Click to open the translations: [Achterhoek] [Drenthe 1] [Drenthe 2] [Drenthe 3] Click here for different versions. >
        [Eastern Friesland] [Hadeln] [Hamburg] [Mecklenburg] [Mennonite 1] Click here for different versions. >
        [Mennonite 2] [Mennonite 2] [Mennonite 4] [Mennonite 5] [Middle Saxon] Click here for different versions. >
        [Münsterland 1] [Münsterland 2] [North Saxon] [Old Saxon] [Olland] Click here for different versions. >
        [Stellingwerven] [Twente] [Westphalian  1] [Westphalian  2] Click here for different versions. >

Author: Reinhard F. Hahn

© 2011, Lowlands-L · ISSN 189-5582 · LCSN 96-4226 · All international rights reserved.
Lowlands-L Online Shops: Canada · Deutschland · France · 日本 · UK · USA